Laws of Agency

When buying or selling properties through a REALTOR®, such as Stan Shawn, it is important to understand the agency relationship between you (the "principal") and the brokerage, for example, RA Realty Alliance.

The Agency Relationship

REALTORS® work within a legal relationship called agency. The agency relationship exists between you, the principal, and your brokerage, the company under which the individual representing you is licensed. The essence of the agency relationship is that the brokerage has the authority to represent the principal in dealings with others.

Brokerages and their licensees are legally obligated to protect and promote the interests of their principals as they would their own. Specifically, the brokerage has the following duties.

  1. Undivided loyalty. The brokerage must protect the principal's negotiating position at all times, and disclose all known facts which may affect or influence the principal's decision.
  2. To obey all lawful instructions of the principal.
  3. An obligation to keep the confidences of the principal.
  4. To exercise reasonable care and skill in performing all assigned duties.
  5. To account for all money and property placed in a brokerage's hands while acting for the principal.

You can expect competent service from your brokerage, knowing that the company is bound by ethics and the law to be honest and thorough in representing a property listed for sale or lease. Both buyer/tenant and seller/landlord can be represented by their own brokerages in a single transaction.

Designated Agency

When a brokerage designates a REALTOR® or REALTORS® to work solely on your behalf in real estate transactions, the REALTOR® and brokerage are bound by ethics and the law to be honest and thorough in representing you. The brokerage must account for all money and property placed in its hands while acting for you. The REALTOR® must:

  • Provide undivided loyalty to you (Client) by protecting your negotiating position at all times, and disclose to you all known facts which may affect or influence your decisions;
  • Obey all lawful instructions which you give the REALTOR® to act on your behalf;
  • Maintain the confidentiality of your information (financial, legal, personal, etc.);
  • Use reasonable care and skill in performing all assigned duties in the role as agent.

Dual Agency

Dual agency occurs when a brokerage is representing both buyer/tenant and seller/landlord in the same transaction. Since the brokerage has promised a duty of confidentiality, loyalty and full disclosure to both parties simultaneously, it is necessary to limit these duties in this situation, if both parties consent.

If you find yourself involved in a dual agency relationship, before making or receiving an offer, both you and the other party will be asked to consent, in writing, to this new limited agency relationship.

This relationship involves the following limitations:

  1. The brokerage will deal with the buyer/tenant and the seller/landlord impartially;
  2. The brokerage will have a duty of disclosure to both the buyer/tenant and the seller/landlord except that:
    1. the brokerage will not disclose that the buyer/tenant is willing to pay a price or agree to terms other than those contained in the offer, or that the seller/landlord is willing to accept a price or terms other than those contained in the listing;
    2. the brokerage will not disclose the motivation of the buyer/tenant to buy or or lease or the seller/landlord to sell or lease unless authorized by the buyer/tenant or the seller/landlord;
    3. the brokerage will not disclose personal information, not otherwise necessarily disclosed in the transaction documentation, about the buyer/tenant or seller/landlord unless authorized in writing.
  3. The brokerage will disclose to the buyer/tenant defects about the physical condition of the property known to the brokerage.

When There is No Agency Relationship

You may also choose to use the services of a REALTOR® without having any kind of agency relationship. This might occur, for example, when you are being shown a property by the seller's/landlord's agent.

The REALTOR® you choose to work with in this manner has a legal and ethical duty to provide you with accurate, honest answers to your questions and may provide all these services:

  • Explain real estate terms and practices
  • Provide and explain forms used
  • Assist you in screening and viewing properties
  • Inform you of lenders and their policies
  • Identify and estimate costs involved in a transaction
  • Assist you in establishing your range of affordability
  • Prepare offers or counter-offers at your direction
  • Present all offers promptly

A REALTOR® who is not your agent cannot:

  • Recommend or suggest a price
  • Inform you of his/her principal's top/bottom line
  • Disclose any confidential information about his/her principal unless otherwise authorized

You should not provide a REALTOR® who is not your agent with any information that you would not provide directly to his or her principal.

Brokerage Fee

Members of the public are aware that, in most cases, properties offered for sale by members of the real estate profession have a commission or fee that the seller/landlord has agreed to pay to the listing brokerage.

The listing brokerage traditionally shares this commission/fee with the cooperating brokerage. Commission and fee may vary.

(source: BC Real Estate Association)



Stan Shawn, your personal REALTOR® for VANCOUVER
If you own real estate that you're thinking of selling, call today for a free Market Evaluation with no obligation. In today's competitive real estate market, timing is everything. Many good properties are sold before they are even advertised. Beat other homebuyers to the hottest new homes for sale in Greater Vancouver with Stan’s New Listings Notification. Whether you are buying or selling a home or commercial real estate, select Stan Shawn as your personal REALTOR® and realize your dreams!
Stan works effectively for his clients by combining sharp negotiating and marketing skills, a thorough knowledge of the real estate market and keen attention to detail while overseeing the transaction as it proceeds. Because of his caring and pleasant personality, Stan's clients enjoy the process almost as much as the great results he achieves for them. It is because of these qualities that most of Stan's past clients have been thrilled to introduce him to their friends and family when they have required the help of a real estate professional.
We invite you to contact Stan as he'd be pleased to assist you with this important transaction. In addition, if you have any general questions about buying or selling real estate in the Lower Mainland of British Columbia, do not hesitate to phone Stan at (604) 306-4911. Date of last site update 11/2/18--> ]